Concrete has long been recognized as a material that can be bent and moulded to satisfy particular design and construction needs for even the most complicated constructions, in the words of Pier Luigi Nervi. When it comes to aesthetics, attractiveness, and practicality, concrete has grown into a material that is “at the service.” A combination of strength and innovation has been achieved via the usage of concrete by architects and designers. Concrete is getting increasingly popular because of its adaptability and structural reliability from a safety standpoint.
Progress in technology
Similarly, in all fields of scientific and industrial activities, from computer technology to mechanics, from chemistry to medical, there has been a substantial development in the past half century in concrete as a material and in the building processes that are based on its usage. Along with that, you can also make use of titanium dioxide malaysia.
There has been a tremendous deal of progress in the following areas of study:
An understanding of the materials’ properties, especially how they change over time and how they are affected by external factors, such as salinity, the freeze-thaw cycle, or earthquakes;
- Adding water-restricting chemicals has made the material even more durable by reducing the material’s porosity and hence its sensitivity to external agents, making it more resistant to wear and tear over time. The ability of concrete companies to tailor their products to specific projects has also grown (“made-to-measure concrete”).
- In light of the advancement in design technique, which utilizes the best available knowledge of the material and its “new” possibilities to create even more durable and long-lasting works (as well as the introduction of BIM – Building Information Modelling, an approach that represents in digital form the built, its physical and functional characteristics before it is built and throughout its life cycle, allowing for the prediction of
- The European technical standard EN 206, which has been in effect since 2001 and has become a basic reference for the selection (prescription) and manufacture of concrete, reflects the progress of concrete knowledge and manufacturing method. It has been recognized in Italian law since 2008 by an additional technical norm, UNI 11104.
European Union building standards are based on EN 206’s innovation in the design phase, which includes a need for durability, which is the basis for all required national building standards in the EU. Today’s structures must be conceived, designed, and built with consideration for their expected service life, as well as the specific environmental conditions (and, consequently, aggressive agents) to which they will be exposed, in order to perform their function, as opposed to in the past, when structures were only designed according to the anticipated loads.
Use of the Right Materials
Because of this substantial innovation, the materials utilized, and their implementation, must take into account how well the concrete can endure the aggression of external agents over a lengthy period of time. This potential can now be guaranteed for far longer periods of time than it was in the past century due to better methods and materials. Research and development activities in the cement and concrete supply chain are focused on this.
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